According to a study by researchers at Oxford University and Deloitte, about 35% of current jobs in the UK are at high risk of being replaced by robots over the following 10-20 years. That percentage rises to 47% for the United States and 77% for China.
Although the field of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is still in its infancy, as we're unable to make an AGI as smart as even a young child, the Artificial Narrow Intelligences/weak AIs that we produced are already very capable. For example, IBM’s Deep Blue beat the best human chess world champion Garry Kasparov in 1997, and Google’s AlphaGo beat the best human Go world champion Lee Sedol in 2016. Self-driving cars are already on the road, and Forbes has already started using robotic writers to automatically produce finance and sports articles. In short, robots with weak AIs will replace many jobs involving simple and repetitive physical and mental work. More and more, the amount of knowledge one has is less important, as robots are capable of learning much faster than human beings are. This creates a huge problem for our current educational systems based on knowledge-learning. Like Albert Einstein once said: the true sign of intelligence is not knowledge, but imagination. Our education systems need to be redesigned to fit this new paradigm that we are facing right now.